What Should Be Done If a Person Has Been Hit On the Head?
Medical help should be sought any time a person experiences a blow to the head and afterwards loses consciousness, even briefly, or feels dazed and confused. This should be done immediately, whether the person remains conscious or not. Obviously, if a person is still unconscious he or she should be taken directly to the hospital. For those who regain consciousness, the best course is to take the person to the emergency room (ER) at a hospital, where it is likely the ER physician on duty will have more knowledge about brain injury than a family physician.
When the injured person visits the ER and is examined, he or she will either be admitted to the hospital for observation (or treatment) or will be sent home. When sent home right away, usually the ER staff provides the person written instructions on what to expect. Most guidelines tell the family to watch the injured person for a few days, and, if any problems (like headaches or dizziness) are seen, the person should return to the hospital. The problem is that in many cases symptoms and problems start showing up more than a few days after injury, and theses symptoms may not be included on the limited list of symptoms on the ER instructions. Whenever the kinds of symptoms described in this website appear, whether right away or later, the injured person needs to get help from a professional who is an expert in TBI. This is discussed further on the website page Getting Help If You Suspect a Traumatic Brain Injury.
What do you do if an injured person did not get medical treatment at all?
If you or someone you know has experienced a blow to the head with loss of consciousness or feeling dazed and confused afterward, and the accident seems to have led to persisting problems like the ones described in this website, there is strong reason to take action. Trust your instincts and seek help. It is important for you to know that help can be found even days, weeks or years after an injury.